All You Need To Know About UTIs & STIs—As Explained By A Senior Gynaecologist

href=”author/suruchi-patwary”>Suruchi Patwary , 13 Feb 2021Gynaecologist Examining A Patient By Try_my_best | www.shutterstock.com

Taking care of our genital health is crucial, especially when a majority of people still do not have proper knowledge about it. To get the right information about what UTIs and STIs are, how they are contracted, their symptoms, how to get tested, how to treat them, how to prevent them, and what complications to expect—we got in touch with Dr. Vaishali Joshi, a senior Obstetrician, and Gynaecologist at Kokilaben Hospital in Mumbai. She breaks down all of our questions we had about UTIs and STIs and explained them in layman’s terms and we thought we’d share it with you! Scroll down to read everything you wanted to know about UTIs and STIs, coming right from an expert.

Dr. Vaishali Joshi, Senior Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Kokilaben Hospital, Mumbai.

What Is UTI?

UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary system which includes the kidney, bladder, and urethra. The bacteria enter the urinary tract and lead to symptoms like frequency and burning sensation while urination, strong-smelling urine, nausea or vomitting, muscle aches, or even pain in the lower part of the stomach. It can give rise to fever and rarely blood in the urine.

What Is STI?

Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) or Disease (STD) or Venereal Diseases (VD) are infections transmitted from one person to another through sex including vaginal, anal, and oral sex, or non-sexual means like via body fluids or close intimate contact or from mother to child during childbirth and pregnancy.

Epidemiology

There are more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) acquired every day worldwide as per World Health Organisation (WHO). It affects both men and women and unborn children in pregnancy and childbirth. The serious impact on long-term health is more in women and children.

Incidence

It is a silent public health epidemic affecting the young generation. The urbanisation, multiple sexual partners, ignorance and unawareness of safe sex practices has been the main reason for increased incidence.

Infective Organisms Causing STIs

STIs are caused by more than 30 different bacteria, viruses, and parasites, 8 organisms out of 30 are responsible for the most common STIs. Out of these 8 infections, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis are completely curable. The incurable STIs are hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus (HSV or herpes), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV). They are caused by viruses, but their symptoms can be modified with treatment.

SymptomsHerpes On Lip Symptom By New Africa | www.shutterstock.com

Most of the women do not have any symptoms or have only mild symptoms that may not be recognised as an STI. In women, urinary passage and genital passage are in close proximity. This may be the reason women can get confused about the source of infection.

The symptoms can range from mild to severe illness presenting with high fever, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and sudden pain in the tummy. The common symptoms may be:

  • Painful sex.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Pain while peeing—some women after 1st intercourse, can have a urine infection, also called ‘Honeymoon cystitis’.
  • Bleeding in between periods.
  • Heavy periods.
  • Yellow or green vaginal discharge with fishy or bad odour.
  • Ulcers or sores or warts on the genital area.
  • Itching and redness in the genital area.
  • Blisters or sores in or around the mouth.
  • Investigations Or TestsBlood sample for STI test By Jarun Ontakrai

    STI

    There is no simple test for diagnosing STD. A gynecological examination can help to diagnose a particular type of STI. The nature of the discharge, odour, microscopic examination of it, and visual changes in the cervix (neck of the womb) e.g. strawberry cervix characteristic of trichomoniasis STI can give a clue. Vaginal or cervical swabs, urine examinations can be sent for detection of organisms causing STIs.

    Blood tests can help to diagnose viral STIs like HIV, Hepatitis B, and C.

    UTI

    The routine tests performed are urine microscopic examination and urine culture and sensitivity. This will pick up the type of bacteria causing UTI and the effective antibiotics to clear the infection. The sonography of the kidney, and bladder may be needed to look for after-effects of UTI.

    TreatmentUTI Treatment By Vitalii Vodolazskyi | www.shutterstock.com

    UTI

  • Drinking plenty of fluids so that you flush out the toxins frequently.
  • After urinating, wipe from front to back.
  • Avoid deodorants, sprays, perfumes, etc in the genital area that can affect the urethra.
  • Drink water to flush the bacteria and empty the bladder soon after intercourse.
  • Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothes to keep the area around the urethra dry.
  • The most important fact is to complete the antibiotics course as incomplete treatment gives rise to recurrent UTIs and antibiotic-resistant infections in the future.
  • STI

  • It involved immediate complete treatment, prevention, and behavioural counselling of the community.
  • It’s important to diagnose it early so that treatment can be initiated immediately to limit the damage.
  • A course of a combination of antibiotics needs to be completed and one needs to avoid sex till the completion of treatment.
  • It’s important to treat current and past sexual partners for STIs to prevent re-infection and spread of the infection in the community.
  • STIs caused by chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis are completely curable by antibiotics, usually with a single dose. Hepatitis B, Herpes, and HIV are not curable but their symptoms and course can be modified by antiviral medicines. Vaccinations are available for Hepatitis B and HPV STI which are proved effective against these infections globally.

    Complications Of STDs

  • Tubal damage after STI, particularly due to Chlamydia STI can give rise to the difficulty to conceive. Almost 1 in 10 women can have blocked or narrow or scarred fallopian tubes.
  • Tubal ectopic pregnancy.
  • Long-term pelvic or abdominal pain.
  • Prevention

    ‘Prevention is better than cure’ is 100% true in the management of STI infections. Primary prevention involving the community, targeting adolescent and young population is the key. The importance of safe sex, use of barrier (condom either male or female), and contraception in vaginal, oral, or anal sex should be stressed. A non-judgemental sex orientation and sex education should be an integral part of the growing process from adolescence to adulthood. Easy access to early diagnostic and treatment facilities, confidentiality, sexual contact tracing and a non-stigmatisation approach are keys to limit the prevalence of STIs.

    Hope all of this helps you in taking care of your genital health better and becoming more aware of UTIs, STIs and everything around it. For more such articles, don’t forget to follow @missmalinilifestyle!

    Happy Galentine’s Day: 5 Things To Do With Your Bestie!

    href=”author/missmalini”>MissMalini , 13 Feb 2021Malini Agarwal and Parul Kakad

    In honour of Galentine’s Day (and because we just need any excuse to dress up and take pictures together!), my bestie Parul Kakad aka @mumbaimummy and I did a BFF shoot to document our 15+-year-old relationship and remind you that this week of “love” isn’t just about romantic love. Anyone who makes you feel like your best self deserves a shout-out today (and every day!)

    Someone once told me, “that love isn’t always what you feel about someone else, it’s how they make you feel about yourself” and I truly believe I am the very best version of “me” when I’m with my girlfriends. So this is a special shout out to my main—we documented 5 fun things to do with your Galentine today, (or every day!). Scroll ahead to check!1. Spa It Up!

    Some of my best therapy has come out of girlfriend debriefs with rollers in my hair and nail-polish drying on my toes. (Tears optional!)

    Malini Agarwal and Parul Kakad In Bathrobes By The Little Gift Co

    2. Sweat It Out!

    Parul is fitness goals with four kids (!) and a banging body and I’m happy to pose in workout gear anytime! 🙂

    Malini Agarwal and Parul Kakad in Workout Gear by Just Billi

    3. Retail TherapyNobody can argue that little shopping is good for the soul.Malini Agarwal and Parul Kakad Wearing Papa Don’t Preach By Shubhika

    4. PJs and dramaOr romantic comedies mostly. Confession; I legit ate all the popcorn on set that day.Malini Agarwal and Parul Kakad In Pyjamas by Younglings

    5. Glam it Up!Because girlfriends that party together… cue in what you feel right! (Make sure you get home in one piece!)Malini Agarwal and Parul Kakad In A Punk House Of Couture Design

    Big love to everyone who brought this entire series to life. Shruti Tejwani, you are an absolute star, what a brilliant concept, and nobody shoots the way you do! Full heart and so much masti! The doodles were an epic touch, beautifully designed by @PixelonPaper and the shoot was styled by the fabulous Neha Maru. Our makeup gurus were Neha OberoiPooja Gwalani and hair by Kamal Palan.Here’s also a BTS of our super-fun shoot:

    View this post on Instagram

    A post shared by MissMalini♀️💜 (@missmalini)

    Thank you to these wonderful brands for dressing us up, twinning is winning! 🙂
    @shrutitejwaniphotograph, @justbillidesigns, @papadontpreachbyshubhika, @punk_houseofcouture (which is Parul’s own brand with her partner Khusboo!), @younglings_india and @thelittlegift.coP.S. If you’re wondering who came up with this epic holiday, everything you need to know is in the video below.Happy Galentine’s Day everyone! Please come check out the Girl Tribe App available on the Google and Apple App Stores! To download the App: http://bit.ly/35CcbvE

    Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/mmgirltribe/

    Instagram: https://instagram.com/malinisgirltribe/

    Deepika Padukone To Reportedly Play The Antagonist In Dhoom 4

    href=”author/avya-sharma”>Avya Sharma , 13 Feb 2021Deepika Padukone

    The makers of the popular Dhoom franchise are all set for the film’s next instalment. The Dhoom series is famously known for the exotic locations and interesting chase sequences. John Abraham was the villain in Dhoom. While Abhishek Bachchan and Uday Chopra form the fixed cast who played the cops, Hrithik Roshan and Aamir Khan were headlining the film as the antagonist in Dhoom 2 and Dhoom 3 respectively.

    Now according to reports, YRF is planning to introduce a female antagonist in the popular franchise. Reports suggest that the makers have approached Deepika Padukone to lead the fourth part of the franchise. The report further added that the super talented actress is quite excited to take up the project, however, before she signs herself in this project, the actress has to sort her dates.

    Meanwhile, Deepika is co-producing her next venture, ’83. The sports drama helmed by Kabir Khan will show how India made its way to the Cricket World Cup victory in 1983. Ranveer Singh will be seen as Kapil Dev while Deepika will be playing her wife, Romi Bhatia. She also has Shakun Batra’s untitled romantic drama which will also feature Siddhant Chaturvedi and Ananya Panday.

    Deepika Padukone Shuts Down An Abusive Troll With A Befitting Reply

    href=”author/avya-sharma”>Avya Sharma , 13 Feb 2021Deepika Padukone (Source: Instagram | @deepikapadukone)

    Social media abuse is not new to the Bollywood actors, however, only a few of them choose to call the trolls out. Actress Deepika Padukone is one of them. She called out one of the trolls who over and over again sent her abuses through direct messaging on her Instagram handle.

    Taking to her Instagram stories, Deepika encircled his messages and wrote— “Wow! Your family & friends must be soo proud of you.” She has now deleted the story.

    Have a look at the story here—Deepika Padukone’s Instagram Story (Source: Instagram | @deepikapadukone)

    On the professional front, Deepika has a busy year. The actress will be seen in Shakun Batra’s untitled next which also stars Siddhant Chaturvedi and Ananya Panday.

    She also has an untitled film with Amitabh Bachchan and Prabhas. Deepika is also awaiting the release of 83 where she stars opposite her husband Ranveer Singh.

    The gorgeous actress will also unite with Hrithik Roshan for the first time ever for Siddharth Anand’s action adventure, “Fighter”.

    Apart from these, she also has Shah Rukh Khan‘s much anticipated project Pathan, which also stars John Abraham. Pathan will mark SRK’s first outing in films after Zero which released in 2018.

    Spruce Up Your Collection Of Blazers With A Quirky Number Like Kajal Aggarwal’s

    href=”author/sakshi-kore”>Sakshi Kore , 13 Feb 2021Kajal Aggarwal

    Like a pair of jeans, a white shirt or a plain black t-shirt, the place of a blazer in all our wardrobes is irreplaceable. If you think about it, there’s absolutely no outfit a good blazer won’t go with. So whether you wear it as a pantsuit, layer it over a basic jeans + tee look, or use it as an alternative to a saree blouse, one thing’s guaranteed—blazers will probably never, ever go out of style. Now that this wardrobe staple comes in a plethora of silhouettes and is styled in more ways than one, there’s never a wrong time or a not-a-good-enough reason to upgrade your collection. If you’re a blazer enthusiast, then you should certainly check out Kajal Aggarwal‘s latest airport OOTD if you haven’t already. More details ahead!

    Kajal Aggarwal’s blazer is a quirky number that needs your attention, ASAP: 

    The South star was spotted flying out of Mumbai yesterday in wardrobe basics. Her picks: a plain white crop-top with a pair of mom-fit jeans. But she elevated her look by layering it with a dual-toned blazer that also featured a mix of two fabrics—cotton and satin blend with denim. While the top-half of her jacket was coloured in a blush pink tone, the bottom half of the jacket, made using denim, came in a light blue hue. Another cool detail was on her sleeves. Look for yourself, below!

    Kajal Aggarwal

    She accessorised her look with a glossy black Gucci shoulder bag featuring a white, red and navy blue strap, and a pair of nude strappy block heels. Given that our faces are covered with facemasks and a plastic shield while flying, Kajal opted out of any makeup and flaunted her naturally glowy skin, leaving her perfectly blow-dried locks open.

    Kajal Aggarwal

    What do you think of Kajal’s look? Tell us in the comments below.

    And don’t forget to follow @missmalinifashion on Instagram to never miss a style tip